Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)

All the skilled immigration applicants that are eligible for the Express Entry System will be placed into a pool of candidates. Candidates in the Express Entry pool are then ranked using the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). The CRS is used to determine which applicants in the pool will be invited to apply for permanent residence.

The CRS is a points-based system that gives a score to a candidate based on the information in the candidate’s profile. These scores allow candidates in the pool to be ranked against each other. Applicants are given points based on the following factors:

  • Age
  • Education
  • Language proficiency
  • Canadian work experience
  • Language proficiency, education and Canadian work experience of the applicant’s spouse or common-law partner
  • Arranged employment (validated job offer)
  • Provincial government nomination for permanent residence
  • Sibling in Canada
  • Certain combinations of language skills, education and work experience that result in a higher chance of the applicant becoming employed (skill transferability).

Using these factors, applicants will be given a score out of a maximum of 1,200 points. The highest-ranked applicants will receive an invitation to apply for permanent residence (ITA) during period draws.

The CRS prioritizes applicants who are likely to successfully settle and have a positive economic impact within Canada. For this reason, having an approved job offer or a provincial nomination for permanent residence will have a very positive impact on an applicant’s score.

Having an approved job offer in a managerial field (National Occupation Classification 00) is worth 200 points, while all other job offers (NOC O, A, B) are worth 50 points. Both points allocations will serve to significantly strengthen a candidate’s profile.

A provincial nomination will automatically result in 600 points being given to an applicant. This allocation of points will almost always guarantee that a candidate will receive an invitation to apply for permanent residence.

1. Core/Human Capital Factors
AGE With spouse Single
17 0 0
18 90 99
19 95 105
20-29 100 110
30 95 105
31 90 99
32 85 94
33 80 88
34 75 83
35 70 77
36 65 72
37 60 66
38 55 61
39 50 55
40 45 50
41 35 39
42 25 28
43 15 17
44 5 6
>45 0 0
LEVEL OF EDUCATION With spouse Single
Secondary school (high school) credential 28 30
1-year post-secondary program credential 84 90
2-year post-secondary program credential 91 98
≥3-year post-secondary program credential or a Bachelor’s degree 112 120
2 post-secondary program credentials (one must be of least 3 years) 119 128
Master’s OR Entry-to-practice professional degree 126 135
Doctorate / PhD 140 150
LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY With spouse Single
First Official Language Per ability Per ability
CLB 4 or 5 6 6
CLB 6 8 9
CLB 7 16 17
CLB 8 22 23
CLB 9 29 31
CLB 10 or more 32 34
Second Official Language Per ability Per ability
CLB 5 or 6 1 1
CLB 7 or 8 3 3
CLB 9 or more 6 6
Additional points for both French and English
CLB 7 or more in French and CLB 4 or lower (or none) in English 25 25
CLB 7 or more in French and CLB 5 or higher in English 50 50
CANADIAN WORK EXPERIENCE With spouse Single
0 – 1 year 0 0
1 year 35 40
2 year 46 53
3 year 56 64
4 year 63 72
≥ 5 years 70 80
2. Spouse or Common-law partner Factors
LEVEL OF EDUCATION With spouse Single
Less than secondary school (high school) credential 0 NA
Secondary school (high school) credential 2 NA
1-year post-secondary program credential 6 NA
2-year post-secondary program credential 7 NA
≥3-year post-secondary program credential or Bachelor’s degree 8 NA
2 or more post-secondary program credentials (one must be of at least 3 years) 9 NA
Master’s OR Entry-to-practice professional degree 10 NA
Doctorate / PhD 10 NA
LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY With spouse Single
First Official Language per ability NA
CLB 5 or 6 1 NA
CLB 7 or 8 3 NA
CLB ≥ 9 5 NA
CANADIAN WORK EXPERIENCE With spouse Single
less than 1 year 0 NA
1 year 5 NA
2 year 4 NA
3 year 8 NA
4 years 9 NA
≥ 5 years 10 NA
3. Skills Transferability Factors
Education & Language With spouse Single
≥ 1 year post-secondary program degree + CLB 7 or 8 13 13
2 post-secondary degrees/Master’s/PhD + CLB 7 or 8 25 25
≥ 1 year post-secondary program degree + CLB 9 in each ability 25 25
2 post-secondary degrees/Master’s/PhD + CLB 9 in each ability 50 50
Education & Canadian Work Experience With spouse Single
≥ 1 year post-secondary program degree + 1 year Canadian work experience 13 13
2 post-secondary degrees/Master’s/PhD + 1 year Canadian work experience 25 25
≥ 1 year post-secondary program degree + 2-year Canadian work experience 25 25
2 post-secondary degrees/Master’s/PhD + 2-year Canadian work experience 50 50
Foreign Work Experience & Language With spouse Single
1-2 years + CLB 7 or 8 13 13
≥ 3 years + CLB 7 or 8 25 25
1-2 years + CLB 9 or more 25 25
≥ 3 years + CLB 9 or more 50 50
Foreign Work Experience & Canadian Work Experience With spouse Single
1-2 years of foreign work experience + 1-year Canadian work experience 13 13
≥ 3 years of foreign work experience + 1-year Canadian work experience 25 25
1-2 years of foreign work experience + 2-year Canadian work experience 25 25
≥ 3 years of foreign work experience + 2-year Canadian work experience 50 50
Certificate of Qualification and Language With spouse Single
Certificate of QualificaLon + CLB 5, ≥ 1 CLB 7 25 25
Certificate of QualificaLon + CLB 7 on all language abilities 50 50
4. Provincial Nomination or Offer of Employment
Provincial nomination With spouse Single
Provincial nominee certificate 600 600
Offer of Employment from a Canadian company With spouse Single
Qualifying offer of employment – NOC 00 200 200
Qualifying offer of employment – NOC 0, A or B 50 50
5. Additional Points
Post-secondary education in Canada With spouse Single
Credentials of 1 or 2 years 15 15
Credential of 3 years or longer, Master or PhD 30 30
Sibling in Canada With spouse Single
Sibling in Canada who is over 18+, Canadian PR or citizen, residing in Canada 15 15

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